What is a novated lease? (Simple explainer)

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Have you heard about novated leasing and the potential benefits, but you’re not sure exactly what’s involved?

If you want novated leasing explained simply (without the jargon), read on as Novated Lease Australia answers some of the questions we’re most commonly asked by our customers.

What is a novated lease?

A novated lease is a way to pay for a car and cover running costs directly through your salary. This helps you save on tax because at least part of your regular car payments are taken from your salary pre-tax. 

It’s an increasingly popular alternative to buying a car with a car loan. Instead of getting a loan from a bank to buy your car, a novated lease provider (like Novated Lease Australia) arranges for the car (new or used) to be purchased on your behalf by a lease finance company. 

You get unlimited personal usage of the car in return for a regular salary sacrifice car payment that’s automatically deducted from your pay check by your employer.

A novated lease reduces your taxable income and your tax bill.

How does a novated lease work?

Here’s what's involved:

  • With a novated lease, a lease finance provider purchases your choice of car for you and provides you with unlimited access to it during the lease term. 
  • Because it's the lease company and not you buying the car, there's a GST discount on the purchase price of the vehicle (a saving of up to $6,191), and your packaged car running expenses will be GST-free too.
  • A novated lease provider facilitates the agreement, with approval from your employer.
  • Your employer deducts the lease payment and running cost amount from your salary each time you are paid and remits them to the lease provider.
  • You can use the vehicle 100% for personal use, with the option to own the vehicle when the lease term ends by making the residual payment. Alternatively you can extend the lease, or trade in the car (using the trade-in value to cover the residual value) and begin a new lease with a new car.

If you’re interested in getting started, the first step is requesting a quote from our team who will talk you through what’s involved based on your situation and the car you have in mind.

Save on EVs with a novated lease

Other questions we’re often asked about novated leasing

To qualify for a novated lease, the only requirements are:

  • You are employed and paid through the PAYG system (i.e. you are not self-employed).
  • Your employer offers novated leasing as a benefit. Most government and private sector employers (including SMEs) either offer it or are willing to start if they don't already. Novated Lease Australia helps employers of all sizes through the set-up process.
  • You do not have any serious credit infringements in your credit history and you overall meet the finance providers credit criteria.

Novated leasing is available for passenger vehicles, including virtually all cars, SUVs and utes. You can’t novate non-passenger vehicles like motorcycles, scooters, caravans or boats.

The vehicle’s carrying capacity must be less than one tonne in order for it to be eligible, which rules out a lot of commercial vehicles.

You can novate an electric car or standard petrol or diesel model, and there is a significant additional tax benefit (lowering the cost of your lease) if you choose an EV or PHEV as these vehicles are exempt from fringe benefits tax.

The finance company owns the car during the novated lease term. That being said, you have complete control over which car you choose to lease – the lease company simply buys it on your behalf (hence the GST discount).

Throughout the lease the car is registered in your name and you have full personal use of it. You also insure the vehicle and look after servicing just like you would if you bought the car yourself. 

The only difference is you can pay for these expenses through your regular lease payment, while enjoying an income tax and GST saving,

You have the option to pay off the car to own it outright at the end of the lease term.

How we explain it to clients is that you can package pretty much any cost of maintaining the vehicle and keeping it on the road. These are the main costs that can be included:

  • Fuel or electricity if it’s an EV
  • Insurance (comprehensive cover is a requirement under the lease)
  • Servicing
  • Tyres
  • Registration and CTP
  • Car washes
  • Roadside assistance

You can't include costs that are not related to maintaining the vehicle and keeping it on the road. That means the likes of tolls, parking costs or fines cannot be included.

We estimate your running costs at the start of the lease based on how much you think you’ll drive per year. But we can change those running costs at any time throughout the term.

If you're overspending compared to the budget, we readjust those figures to cover the extra kilometres. If you overestimate, we can dial the expenses back to bring the payments down. But in that scenario, most people leave the extra paid as a buffer in the account in case something comes up.

At the end of the term, we refund the account balance back to the employer to pay to you as taxable salary.

Yes, absolutely. Novated Lease Australia customers are free to source their own insurance and there is no extra charge if you decide to do that.

You set up the policy as you normally would and we include the cost in the lease budget and reimburse you so you're still getting the tax benefit.

If you pay the insurance premium monthly, we'll reimburse monthly. If it’s annual, we'll reimburse the annual amount from your account once there are sufficient funds available.

You’ll also need to send us a copy of your policy documents as confirmation that your vehicle is insured, as that is a condition of the novated lease.

Even if you're not racking up a high number of kilometres, you still get a significant tax benefit compared to what you would get alternatively (e.g. with a car loan or  if you choose to buy the car outright).

But if you are travelling more kilometres, the benefit of a novated lease versus not doing it increases because of how much you'd otherwise be spending out of your own pocket on running expenses without the tax benefit.

Yes you can. As long as you pay tax, there is still generally a tax benefit, no matter what your income is. And that's just the income tax. There's also the GST which comes off the purchase price of the car, plus the GST savings on the running expenses as well.

With a novated lease on a used car, the age limit goes up to 12 years at the end of the lease term. So for a five-year lease, the vehicle can’t be older than 7 years old at the start of the lease.

Yes, this is relatively common. Most people want to get a new car, but there are some people who have recently purchased a car and then became aware of novated leasing and want to get the benefits.

It's a simple process. Essentially, the finance company buys the car from you and you lease it back from them (known as ‘sale and lease back’). The only difference is you miss out on the GST benefit on the purchase price, but the income tax savings will be the same. Plus, you still get the GST savings on your car running expenses.

Yes, you can. As long as you are able to service the finance, you can do multiple novated leases. 

Yes, most lenders will do a credit check when assessing your application for credit. Tour credit history may impact the interest rate on your novated lease finance.

However, it is still possible to be approved for a novated lease if you have bad credit.

 We advise customers of the credit application process based on the multiple lenders we have access to before you apply.

You can transfer your novated lease over to your new employer. We do this for clients all the time, as long as the new employer is happy to take on the lease.

If a new employer doesn't want to take it on, you can make the finance payments directly yourself (from after-tax salary) and look after the running expenses yourself.

It’s a good idea to contact us in advance to discuss options. Generally the finance lease payments will continue even if you’re not earning a salary for a period. For that reason, we normally advise sacrificing additional money prior to going on leave if possible. If there are surplus funds in your expense account, the payments can be made using that money. 

You can also deposit additional funds into your account to cover the payments while you’re not earning.

It’s pretty straightforward. We send you a payout letter from the lender explaining how much the residual value of the vehicle is. This is the amount required as a final payment for you to own the car outright.

What people most commonly do at that point is sell the car and use the sale funds to pay out the residual amount and keep any profit tax free. Then they start again with a new lease on a new car.

The other options are to pay the residual and keep the car, or re-lease the vehicle for another 12, 24 or 36-month term.

In a word, no. This is because the minimum residual amount that must be paid in order for you to own the car at the end of the lease is set by the ATO. Paying extra during the term would bring the residual below the ATO’s minimum.

Likewise, you are not allowed to put any remaining funds in your novated lease account towards the residual at the end of the lease. You must pay the residual (including GST) with after-tax money.

Novated lease terms are generally between six months and five years and you will be able to choose a term that suits your situation best. Most people go with a term of three to five years.

With Novated Lease Australia, you can choose an ‘odd term’ meaning it doesn’t need to be an even year. For example, for whatever reason you may decide that a 30-month lease suits your situation.

A self-managed novated lease is one where you arrange the finance for the lease, the purchase of the vehicle and set up the running cost budget and most other aspects of establishing the lease. There may be tax and compliance issues to navigate as part of that process.

The alternative, and more commonly chosen option, is a full-maintained novated lease where a novated lease provider does all the admin involved in establishing and managing the lease, ensuring that it is done in a tax-efficient and compliant way.

While some novated leases are subject to fringe benefits tax (this applies to all employee benefits that are separate to the salary you earn), as the employee you do not need to pay anything either way.

Novated leases on electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids are exempt from fringe benefits tax, if the vehicle is valued below the luxury car tax threshold ($89,332 in FY23/24).

For all other vehicles that are subject to FBT, the novated lease will be set up to include some post-tax salary contributions to cancel out any FBT liability that your employer would otherwise be subject to (where it applies, FBT falls to the employer, not the employee to pay).

Novated lease guides

Need more information? Read our easy-to-understand novated lease guides.

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Written by

Bevan Guest - NLA CEO

CEO

Bevan Guest

Reviewed by

Sean Callery Editor Novated Lease Australia

Editor

Sean Callery

NovatedLeaseAustralia.com.au
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